How Cataracts Affect Your Vision

How do cataracts affect vision?

We evaluate and treat thousands of cataract patients every year at the Marietta Eye Clinic. Many of the cataracts we see are age-related and develop from protein clumps. The lens is made mostly of water and protein, so when the protein clumps, the lens becomes cloudy and the amount of light reaching the retina is reduced.

Impaired vision from cataracts

As the cataract develops, vision becomes increasingly impaired, with your vision becoming duller or possibly blurrier. Over time, you may experience a brownish tint to your vision as the lens slowly changes over time to a yellowish and brownish color. The effects on your daily life may include increased difficulty participating in sports because the ball or other elements become increasingly difficult to see. You will often find driving at night becomes difficult or impossible due to halo and blurring. Even reading books and viewing content on computer screens can become difficult and require increasing amounts of additional light. You may also experience double vision in one eye and over time have to frequently change your glasses or contact lens prescription.

When should you see a doctor?

A key factor in deciding to seek a cataract evaluation is whether you are experiencing changes in your vision. Cataracts are progressive and symptoms increasingly diminish quality of life over time. If your vision change is keeping you from doing the things you normally do, then seeking the opinion of a doctor is advised. If you develop sudden vision changes, including double vision or flashes of light, sudden eye pain, or even sudden headache, we advise you see an ophthalmologist right away. Schedule an appointment.



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